The Success of Sanctions: Lessons Learned from the EU Experience

The Success of Sanctions

(Ashgate, 2013) By Francesco Giumelli

The effectiveness of sanctions cannot purely be measured by the way they change the behaviour of their intended target. The degree to which sanctions constrain a rogue state's behaviour and the signals they send to future targets should also be prime considerations.…

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Sanctions and the Search for Security

Sanctions and the Search for Security

(Lynne Rienner, 2002) By David Cortright and George A. Lopez.

Following the publication of The Sanctions Decade — lauded as the definitive history and accounting of United Nations sanctions in the 1990s — David Cortright and George Lopez continue their collaboration to examine the changing context and meaning of sanctions and the security dilemmas that the Security Council now faces.…

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Smart Sanctions: Targeting Economic Statecraft

Targeting Economic Statecraft

(Rowman & Littlefield, 2002) Edited by David Cortright and George A. Lopez.

In recent years, international attention has turned toward the use of targeted, “smart” sanctions that minimize unintended humanitarian consequences and focus coercive pressure on responsible decision makers.

Some of the world’s leading sanctions experts and practitioners join together in this book to provide the first published account of the emerging theory and practice of smart sanctions. The essays examine recent uses of targeted financial sanctions, travel sanctions, and arms embargoes, and offer recommendations for improving their design and implementation.…

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The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s

Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s

(Lynne Rienner, 2000) By David Cortright and George A. Lopez.

Since the end of the Cold War, economic sanctions have been a frequent instrument of UN authority, imposed by the Security Council against nearly a dozen targets. Some efforts appear to have been successful, others are more doubtful; all, though, have been controversial. This book is based on more than two hundred interviews with sanctions experts and officials from the UN and many countries. It provides the first comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of UN sanctions during the 1990s.…

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Political Gain and Civilian Pain

Political Gain and Civilian Pain

(Rowman & Littlefield, 1997) Edited by Thomas G. Weiss, David CortrightGeorge A. Lopez, and Larry Minear.

The use of sanctions is increasing in the post-cold war world. Along with this increase, the international community must ask itself whether sanctions “work,” in the sense that they incite citizens to change or overthrow an offending government, and whether sanctions are really less damaging than the alternative of war. Here for the first time, sanctions and humanitarian aid experts focus on the humanitarian impacts of UN sanctions. The results show that often the most vulnerable members of targeted societies pay the price of sanctions and that, in addition, the international system is called upon to compensate the victims for the undeniable pain they have suffered.…

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The Price of Peace: Incentives and International Conflict Prevention

Incentives and International Conflict Prevention

(Rowman & Littlefield, 1997). Edited by David Cortright.

As part of its groundbreaking effort to develop a comprehensive framework for security and conflict prevention in the post-cold war era, the Carnegie Commission for Preventing Deadly Conflict commissioned a series of case studies on incentives and international cooperation that are the focus of this new book.…

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Economic Sanctions: Panacea of Peacebuilding in a Post-Cold War World?

Economic Sanctions

(Westview Press, 1995) Edited by David Cortright and George A. Lopez.

As the challenge of preventing military conflict has become increasingly complex in the post-cold war era, economic sanctions are being applied withgrowing frequency. Sanctions are also being used to enforce international law, to deter aggression and terrorism, to defend democracy and human rights, and to prevent nuclear proliferation.…

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